Part 2: Are "strange" bacteria in the remains of the poet Pablo Neruda
EFE Santiago de Chile May 28, 2015
Santiago de Chile, May 28 (EFE) .- Spanish experts found the remains of Chilean poet Pablo Neruda bacteria "Staphylococcus aureus", a "foreign element" not associated with cancer allegedly caused his death in 1973, reported today judicial sources.
The finding is the result of expertise carried out in the Center of Science and Forensic Techniques at the University of Murcia, carried out in the framework of the investigation being conducted by the Chilean judge Mario Carroza, aiming to clarify the exact causes of death winner Nobel Prize for Literature in 1971.
According to the report of the experts, led by Spanish professor Aurelio Luna Maldonado, in the skills they also found two other elements, but they are related with prostate cancer "spread and a process of infectious type" Neruda suffered from Several years before his death.
The skills, explained today responsible for the Human Rights Programme of the Interior Ministry, which is a plaintiff in the judicial investigation, part of the new proteomic and genomic tests to practice the judge ordered the remains of the author of "Canto General" among many other works.
The Chariot judge seeks to clarify whether Neruda, who died in a clinic in Santiago on September 23, 1973, died of cancer or if his death was induced by third parties by any foreign element to drugs to be supplied by the disease, which his body was exhumed in April 2013.
The investigation began in 2011 following a complaint by the Chilean Communist Party, based on some statements of Manuel Araya, former driver of Neruda, the Mexican magazine Proceso.
Araya said the poet, who died days after the military coup that led Augusto Pinochet, had been poisoned by agents of the dictatorship as a shot was supplied in the clinic where he was admitted.
The poet died as he prepared to travel to Mexico at the invitation of that country's then president, Luis Echeverria and by Manuel Araya, to lead the opposition to Pinochet.
In November 2013 a group of Chilean and foreign experts who conducted scientific expertise to the remains found that Neruda had been poisoned, but still not adjourned Carroza research on the grounds that the results were inconclusive and ordered new expert .
Unlike its predecessors, the new skills seek to establish the presence of biological remains that should not be found among the remains of the poet and thus came the discovery of molecular fragments of Staphylococcus aureus, a bacterium not associated with his cancer Neruda.
This bacterium, considered aggressive and often fatal, is a major cause of systemic infections.
However, in the new report, prepared by Aurelio Luna and forensic adept Cristina Pérez, Gemma Prieto and María Dolores Pérez, experts do not include conclusions, "as we thought it should be discussed in the panel of experts."
They prevent further that "it is very difficult to establish or exclude the presence of an infectious process in the last hours of life of the poet, otherwise it is part remains (samples) that have reinhumados and manipulated).
The body of Neruda was since his death in a niche of the General Cemetery of Santiago, until after the restoration of democracy in Chile in 1990, when fulfilling his wish was moved and buried in his house in the coastal town of Isla Negra, with his wife Matilde Urrutia.
"The analysis of these data requires a timely dose of caution to avoid risky conclusions in the absence of additional information, of which currently lack," says the report.
The panel of experts who compose the text itself refers to Moon, the Spanish forensic anthropologist Francisco Etxeberria and Chilean Cristian Orrego, expert geneticist; Gloria Ramirez, an expert in laboratory and Luis Soto Román, intensivist expert in lung medicine.
Last week, the Pablo Neruda Foundation asked the poet's remains to be returned to his tomb in Isla Negra, considering that "it's been a more than reasonable time" to "rest in peace again."